Tuesday, September 11, 2007

Reverse Lamp-Rainbow

On August 31st at 01:00 I took some long-time exposures of the Westerhever Lighthouse in Nordfriesland (Germany). It was raining a bit but this didn't matter because I wanted to display the rays of the lighthouse. Home again I reviewed the photos and was a bit surprised about a kind of arc, originating at a point in height of the lantern room and sloping downwards until it ends +/- horizontal (see pictures 1 2 3). I thought it could be a type of refraction phenomena but I couldn't explain to me what is was exactly. So I placed the pictures in the Meteoros-forum. Mark Vornhusen and Christian Fenn told me, that this arc is a type of rainbow called "reverse lamp-rainbow" and that these photos are probably the first displaying this phenomena. Both a 42 degree arc as well as a 51 degree arc are to be seen at the pictures.

The rainbows originates from the horizontal Lighthouse-born lightplain cutting the hull of the "Minnaert-cigar", an apple like shaped figure that describes all those points in which light coming from a source of light is reflectet in an angle of 42° respectively 51° to an Observer. In case of an usual source of light at every point of the Minneart-cigar a rainbow is being generated. But because of overlaying of these rainbows the colour-addition leads to a white light and no rainbow can be seen. However the thin light-layer of the lighthouse-beam only allows forming of rainbows at a small window of the minnaert-cigar and the rainbow becomes visible.

Author: Achim Christoph


LGYM said...


Ágnes Kiricsi said...

Achim, this is a great photo, and the explanation is really fascinating. Let me congratulate!

marko riikonen said...

Awesome II!

Anonymous said...

Very interesting documentation on meteoros.de site.

I haven't seen anything like this before. Truly a great catch !

Michael Ellestad said...

Wow now thats a first a reverse light rainbow I like to see that in person. I once did a nice divergent light rainbow using the headlight of my car when the rain which was a mist produced two sharp and colorful primary and secondary bows. I should of done photos close to the light source and then slowly move away to see how the bows change. Congrads in getting first time photos of a once theoretical rainbow!